This paper examines the role of economic models in the formulation of climate change policies in Australia. Particular emphasis is given to the MEGABARE model constructed by the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics. The Government has drawn heavily on the results of MEGABARE to support its argument that uniform abatement targets would be too costly for Australia and would impose an unfair burden on this country. The evidence provided in this paper shows that the model construction, its use in greenhouse policy analysis and the interpretation of the results have been biased in ways that exaggerate the economic costs of reducing emissions.
While there is firm public support for stronger environmental protection, action on these issues in the past has been seriously constrained by the belief by governments that protecting the environment will have large economic costs. Ecological tax reform shows this need not be the case by arguing that carefully devised measures can both protect the environment and stimulate job growth. This paper compares two scenarios over the period 1997-2020 - the Business as Usual scenario and the Ecological Tax Reform scenario. The impacts on a range of environmental, economic and social equity indicators are evaluated.
This paper considers the implications for the proposed uranium mine at Jabiluka of the Resource Assessment Commission's inquiry into mining at Coronation Hill, also within the boundaries of Kakadu National Park. There are some important parallels in the issues and the way they have been treated.
This paper considers the impacts of logging in forests on the quantity and quality of water available for users. It also considers the economic implications of the effect of logging on water yields and water quality and the lessons for policy makers.
This paper is designed for Landcare participants and policy-makers and outlines some economic approaches to land-use decision-making that could be used to evaluate Landcare.
The National Greenhouse Response Strategy agreed between the Commonwealth and the States has failed to make any impact on Australiaï¿½s greenhouse gas emissions. After two years of its operation, there is no evidence that even one tonne of carbon emissions has been saved as a result of the NRGS and Australia's excess of emissions over the target of the Framework Convention on Climate Change is likely to be far greater than has been admitted by the Commonwealth Government. This paper suggests nine key elements of a moderate but effective national greenhouse response strategy.